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Tanzania Tourism Sector Executive Summary: Record Of Arrivals In 2014 The Tanzanian tourism sector plays a significant role in the Tanzanian economy. According to the Permanent Secretary of the Tanzania Ministry of Tourism and Natural Resources, Dr. Adelhelm Meru, in 2014 alone tourism generated around USD 2 billion which constitutes 25% of Tanzania’s foreign exchange earnings, it is at the forefront of the contribution to the country’s economy representing 17% of Tanzania’s GDP in 2014, and directly employs around 600,000 people and up to 2 million people indirectly. The Tanzanian tourism offer counts with one of the richest wildlife, 6 world heritage sites and exotic beaches in the world.


Tanzania’s wildlife resources are considered among the finest in the world and include the Serengeti plains which hosts the largest terrestrial mammal migration in the world, the Ngorongoro Crater, the world’s largest intact volcanic caldera and home to the highest density of big game in Africa, and Africa’s highest mountain Kilimanjaro. Tanzania received a record 1.1 million international visitor arrivals in 2014, mostly from Europe, the US and Africa, versus 582,807 in 2004, increasing at a rate of around 10% per annum. This is also the result of the Tanzanian government strategies and policies that have been introduced the last 20 years to improve and develop the Tanzania tourism sector, establish the country as a prime safari and beach destination in Africa and raise the sector’s contribution to the country’s outcome.


According to the World Travel & Tourism Council (WTTC) the direct contribution of Travel & Tourism to the Tanzanian GDP was TZS 2,975.6 billions or 5.1% of total GDP in 2014. During the same period the total contribution was TZS 8,252.7 billions or 14.0% of Tanzania’s GDP. Travel & Tourism directly supported 467,000 jobs or 4.3% of total employment in Tanzania and 12.2% of total employment with 1,337,000 jobs. Tanzania currently ranks in 109th position in the world in terms of Travel & Tourism Competitiveness with a score of 3.46 and with Switzerland topping the list with a score of 5.66 according to WTTC. In the Sub Saharan region, Tanzania ranks 12th with Seychelles leading the group with a punctuation of 4.51.


Tanzania also ranks 82nd out of 184 countries in terms of travel and tourism sector size according to WTTC, and ranks 9th in terms of the sector’s long-term growth. By 2025, Tanzania’s tourism sector is expected to grow at a rate of 6.2% per annum, against an expected world average growth of 3.7% according to WTTC. Table Of Contents: History Of Tanzanian Tourism Tanzania Tourism Offer Tanzania Geography And Climate Tanzania Tourism Products Tanzania Tourism Circuits Hunting In Tanzania Tanzania Tourism Infrastructure Tanzania Tourism Statistics Economic Relevance Of Tanzania’s Tourism Tanzania Tourism Policy & Strategy Investment Opportunities In Tourism In Tanzania 


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 A ten member Board of Directors for Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority (NCAA) was inaugurated on June 30, 2014 by the Minister for Natural Resources and Tourism Hon. Lazaro Nyalandu at Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority headquarters. The new Board of directors will be chaired by former Ambassador to the US and a prominent lawyer Mwanaid Maajar following her appointment by President Jakaya Kikwete on May 27, 2014.

The board members are the Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly Hon. Job Ndugai, Conservator of Ngorongoro Doctor Freddy Manongi who is also the secretary to the Board, Mr Juma Pinto, Doctor David Mrisho, Mr Laban Moruo and Mr Lukonge P. Mhandagani. Others are Mr Donatius Kamamba,  Mr. Lucas Seleli and Mr Metui Ole Shaudo who is the chairman for Ngorongoro Pastoralists Council. The inauguration ceremony was witnessed by other Ministry’s senior officials and executives including the Deputy Minister Hon. Mahmoud Mgimwa and the Ministry’s Permanent Secretary Maimuna Tarish. NCAA‘s members of staff and resident communities of Ngorongoro were also in attendance.

 Prince Fumihito Akishino of Japan visited Ngorongoro on Saturday 5th July 2014. Japanese Prince was accompanied by his wife Princess Kito. Minister for Natural Resources and Tourism Hon. Lazaro Nyalandu (MP) welcomed the royal family at Manyara Airstrip.

 At Loduare gate the royal family was received by NCAA’s Director for Conservation and Commnunity Development Mr. Bruno Kawasange and NCAA’s Public Relations Manager Mr. Adam Akyoo. Maasai and Datoga Cultural groups entertained the royal family upon their arrival at Loduare Entrance Gate. 

Inside the Visitor Information Center at the gate, the Prince and his wife were given firsthand information about the beauty of Ngorongoro and its geology by NCAA’s Tourism Officer Mr Paul Fisoo. Mr Paul Fisoo also reminded the Prince and his entourage that the Information Center was built by the Japanese government. Using his own camera, the Prince took pictures of the baboons at Loduare gate. 

The Prince and his wife then proceeded for game drive in the legendary Ngorongoro crater to see about 25,000 wildlife that inhabit the crater floor. The royal family tour of Ngorongoro is expected to significantly boost the number of Japanese visitors to Tanzania. 

Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority has a new conservator in the person of Dr. Freddy Safieli Manongi who was appointed by President Jakaya Kikwete to head the NCAA on 30th October 2013. Dr. Manongi, who previously served as Acting Rector at the prestigious College of African Wildlife Management Mweka in Kilimanjaro Region is aiming to create a balance between conservation, tourism and human existence at the World Heritage Site.

An expert ecologist and conservator at heart, Dr. Manongi obtained his Technician Certificate and Ordinary Diploma in Wildlife Management from the College of African Wildlife Management, Tanzania (Mweka).

The new NCAA conservator also holds a Certificate in Conservation Project Planning from the University of Bradford, England and has earned a Bachelor Degree in Zoology and Wildlife Ecology from the University of Dar Es Salaam and a Masters Degree in Conservation Biology from the University of Cape Town, South Africa.

He also earned a Ph.D. in Religio-culture and Ecology from the University of Wales in Bangor, United Kingdom. Religio-culture and ecology is a new area of study engaged in exploring religious and cultural worldviews, in order to broaden the understanding of human interaction with the ecosystem and to better manage the complex nature of current wildlife and environmental concerns.

    As a scholar in this area, Dr. Manongi is academically poised to address the multifaceted issues of interactions between the indigenous people of Ngorongoro, wildlife management and the development of tourism in the NCA.

Dr Manongi worked at Mweka College since 1991 and during this tenure he held various other positions, including Tutorial Assistant, Assistant Lecturer, Lecturer, Senior Lecturer, Director of Customer Care and Deputy Principal Academic, Research and Consultancy.

The conservator is not new to the field of wildlife management, law enforcement and environmental planning in Tanzania having started his career in the Wildlife Division as Senior Ranger at Moyowosi Game Reserve in 1982.

Between 1982 and 1991, Dr. Manongi worked with the Anti-Poaching Unit (Northern Zone) and taught at the Pasiansi Wildlife Training Institute of the Wildlife Division in Mwanza. He also worked with the Tanzania National Parks (TANAPA) Planning Unit between 1992 and 1994. During his time with TANAPA, Dr. Manongi was involved in the development of the Management Zone Plans for Serengeti, Tarangire and Ruaha National Parks.

Also, he was involved in the preparation of General Management Plans (GMPs) for several National Parks in Tanzania. During the same period, Dr. Manongi participated in the establishment of the Planning Manual and Development, Action and Lease Procedures for TANAPA. In 2006 and 2010, Dr Manongi facilitated the design and review of the GMP for NCAA, respectively.  Dr Manongi has worked with the people of local communities in various places and in a myriad of ways. In addition to teaching community wildlife management for 23 years at Mweka, Dr. Manongi had been involved in the design of Resource Zone Management Plans (RZMPs) for more than 12 Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs) across the country. He has also facilitated community level trainings in various parts of Tanzania.

Dr Manongi also has international experience. He worked with the Ministry for Finance and Development Planning in Botswana between 1999 and 2001, as Environmental Technical Advisor. He also worked, for short-term contracts, in Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Uganda and Kenya.

When asked about his priorities at NCAA Dr. Manongi stated, “Ngorongoro is a complex ecosystem that has evolved over more than 5 million years. Understanding these complexities very quickly, for less than 5 million years, is my number one priority”.

‘’Again in order to deal with the complexities and challenges facing NCA, comprehensive management frameworks in the form of policies, plans, structures and procedures are required. My second priority, therefore, would be to work with NCAA, local communities, stakeholders and international community teams to put up systems to address staff matters, existing human-wildlife interactions and tourism development issues” he said. “The NCA is also rich in archaeological resources and history. These, too, need systems to promote and protect them. I will spend the rest of my official time in Ngorongoro working as a team member to implement these management frameworks. I also know that there are some immediate staff, community and tourism investment issues to address; I already have started to work with my teams to address them.’’

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